1 Chronicles 11 – “David is Anointed; David Conquers Jerusalem; David’s Warriors”

snow+lionHebrew-English Text
I. Summary
David is anointed as king, and he immediately conquers Jerusalem from the Jebusites. His soldiers are listed, and a few are glorified for their daring military exploits.

II. Photo
David’s soldiers are praised for their military exploits: “Benaiah son of Jehoiada from Kabzeel was a brave soldier who performed great deeds. He killed the two [sons] of Ariel of Moab. Once, on a snowy day, he went down into a pit and killed a lion.” (v. 22)

III. Important Verses
v. 3: All the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and David made a pact with them in Hebron before the LORD. And they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the LORD through Samuel.
vv. 4-5: David and all Israel set out for Jerusalem, that is Jebus, where the Jebusite inhabitants of the land lived. David was told by the inhabitants of Jebus, “You will never get in here!” But David captured the stronghold of Zion; it is now the City of David.
v. 9: David kept growing stronger, for the LORD of Hosts was with him.
vv. 16-19: David was then in the stronghold, and a Philistine garrison was then at Bethlehem. David felt a craving and said, “If only I could get a drink of water from the cistern which is by the gate of Bethlehem!” So the three got through the Philistine camp, and drew water from the cistern which is by the gate of Bethlehem, and they carried it back to David. But David would not drink it, and he poured it out as a libation to the LORD. For he said, “God forbid that I should do this! Can I drink the blood of these men who risked their lives?” — for they had brought it at the risk of their lives, and he would not drink it. Such were the exploits of the three warriors.

IV. Outline

1-3. David is anointed as king
4-9. David conquers Jerusalem (formerly known as Jebus)
10-41. David’s army
    10. Introduction
    11-14. “The Three”
    15-25. “The Thirty”
    26-47. The warriors

V. Comment
No comment today. Stay tuned.

Note: vv. 11-41 are, with minor differences, taken directly from 2 Sam 23:8-39.

VI. Works Used
(see “Commentaries” page)
De Vries, Simon J. “1 and 2 Chronicles,” The Forms of Old Testament Literature vol. 11 (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1989).
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