1 Chronicles 18 – “David’s Military Success”

536912145_32b7b59538Hebrew-English Text
I. Summary
David attacks and defeats the neighboring Philistines, Moabites, Arameans, and Edomites. The victories bring him great wealth, and he consecrates the precious metals to God. His government rules the people with fairness and righteousness in a time of great prosperity.

II. Photo
David consecrates the spoils of war: “King David dedicated these to the LORD, along with the other silver and gold that he had taken from all the nations: from Edom, Moab, and Ammon; from the Philistines and the Amalekites.” (v. 11)

III. Important Verses
v. 6: David stationed [garrisons] in Aram of Damascus, and the Arameans became tributary vassals of David. The LORD gave David victory wherever he went.
v. 7-8: David took the gold shields carried by Hadadezer’s retinue and brought them to Jerusalem and from Tibbath and Cun, towns of Hadadezer, David took a vast amount of copper, from which Solomon made the bronze tank, the columns, and the bronze vessels.
vv. 9-11: When King Tou of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of King Hadadezer of Zobah, he sent his son Hadoram to King David to greet him and to congratulate him on his military victory over Hadadezer — for Hadadezer had been at war with Tou; [he brought with him] all manner of gold, silver, and copper objects. King David dedicated these to the LORD, along with the other silver and gold that he had taken from all the nations: from Edom, Moab, and Ammon; from the Philistines and the Amalekites.
v. 14: David reigned over all Israel, and David executed true justice among all his people.

IV. Outline
1-6. David’s military victories over the Philistines, Moabites, and Arameans
7-11. Spoils of war
12-13. Victory over the Edomites
14-17. Prosperity with a stable government

V. Comment
No comment today. Stay tuned.

VI. Works Used
(see “Commentaries” page)
De Vries, Simon J. “1 and 2 Chronicles,” The Forms of Old Testament Literature vol. 11 (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1989).
Photo taken from http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1219/536912145_32b7b59538.jpg

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