David divides the Aaronite priests and Levites into twenty-four divisions and assigns each division a specific time of service by means of a lottery.
The House of Aaron experienced tragedy: “The sons of Aaron: Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. Nadab and Abihu died in the lifetime of their father, and they had no children, so Eleazar and Ithamar served as priests.” (vv. 1-2)
III. Important Verses
vv. 1-2: The divisions of the Aaronites were: The sons of Aaron: Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. Nadab and Abihu died in the lifetime of their father, and they had no children, so Eleazar and Ithamar served as priests.
vv. 4-5: The sons of Eleazar turned out to be more numerous by male heads than the sons of Ithamar, so they divided the sons of Eleazar into sixteen chiefs of clans and the sons of Ithamar into eight clans. They divided them by lot, both on an equal footing, since they were all sanctuary officers and officers of God — the sons of Eleazar and the sons of Ithamar.
vv. 30b-31: These were the sons of the Levites by their clans. These too cast lots corresponding to their kinsmen, the sons of Aaron, under the eye of King David and Zadok and Ahimelech and the chiefs of the clans of the priests and Levites, on the principle of “chief and youngest brother alike.”
1-2. Aaron’s children
3-6. Dividing the Aaronites into 24 groups
7-19. The 24 groups are assigned to serve by lottery
20-30. Extended list of Levites
31. The Levites are assigned to serve by lottery
No comment today. Stay tuned.
VI. Works Used
(see “Commentaries” page)
De Vries, Simon J. “1 and 2 Chronicles,” The Forms of Old Testament Literature vol. 11 (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1989).
Photo taken from http://museum.bmi.net/Cemeteries/tombstones.jpg