1 Samuel 27 – “David Settles in Philistia”

Hebrew-English Text
I. Summary
David flees to Philistia. He plunders the neighboring cities but manages to trick the Philistines, telling them that he has raided Judah itself.

II. Photo
David settles in Ziklag: “David said to Achish, ‘If you please, let a place be granted me in one of the country towns where I can live; why should your servant remain with you in the royal city?’ At that time Achish granted him Ziklag; that is how Ziklag came to belong to the kings of Judah, as is still the case.” (vv. 5-6)

III. Important Verses
1: David said to himself, “Some day I shall certainly perish at the hands of Saul. The best thing for me is to flee to the land of the Philistines; Saul will then give up hunting me throughout the territory of Israel, and I will escape him.”
4: And when Saul was told that David had fled to Gath, he did not pursue him any more.
8-11: David and his men went up and raided the Geshurites, the Gizrites, and the Amalekites — who were the inhabitants of the region of Olam, all the way to Shur and to the land of Egypt. — When David attacked a region, he would leave no man or woman alive; he would take flocks, herds, asses, camels, and clothing. When he returned and came to Achish, Achish would ask, “Where did you raid today?” and David would reply, “The Negeb of Judah,” or “the Negeb of the Jerahmeelites,” or “the Negeb of the Kenites.” David would leave no man or woman alive to be brought to Gath; for he thought, “They might tell about us: David did this.” Such was his practice as long as he stayed in the territory of the Philistines.

IV. Outline
1-4. David flees to Philistine Gath
5-6. David inhabits Ziklag
7. Chronology
8-11. David plunders his enemies; Achish is mislead
12. Achish trusts David

V. Comment
No comment today. Stay tuned.

VI. Works Used
(see “Commentaries” page)
Campbell, Antony F. “1 Samuel” The Forms of Old Testament Literature vol. 7 (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans, 2003).
Collins, John J. “Introduction to the Hebrew Bible,” (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2004).
Klein, Ralph W. “1 Samuel” Word Biblical Commentary vol. 10 (Waco, Texas: Word Books, 1983).
Photo taken from http://ferrelljenkins.files.wordpress.com/2009/12/ziklag_fjenkins_120809_152t.jpg