Yahweh accuses Israel of corruption, murder, licentiousness, and idolatry.
God laments Israel’s debauchery: “Wine and new wine destroy the mind of my people!” (vv. 11b-12a)
III. Important Verses
1-2: Hear the word of the LORD, O people of Israel! For the LORD has a case Against the inhabitants of this land, Because there is no honesty and no goodness And no obedience to God in the land. [False] swearing, dishonesty, and murder, And theft and adultery are rife; Crime follows upon crime!
3: For that, the earth is withered: Everything that dwells on it languishes — Beasts of the field and birds of the sky — Even the fish of the sea perish.
13-14: They sacrifice on the mountaintops And offer on the hills, Under oaks, poplars, and terebinths Whose shade is so pleasant. That is why their daughters fornicate And their daughters-in-law commit adultery! I will not punish their daughters for fornicating Nor their daughters-in-law for committing adultery; For they themselves turn aside with whores And sacrifice with prostitutes, And a people that is without sense must stumble.
15: If you are a lecher, Israel — Let not Judah incur guilt — Do not come to Gilgal, Do not make pilgrimages to Beth-aven, And do not swear by the LORD!
17: Ephraim is addicted to images — Let him be. Ephraim is addicted to images — Let him be.
1a. Introduction: God’s lawsuit against Israel
1b-2. Israel’s sins
3. Consequences: drought
4-6. God rejects Israel as his “priest”
7-10a. The people’s feasts
10b-14. Intoxication, idolatry, fornication
15-19. A warning for Judah to not be influenced by Ephraim
No comment today. Stay tuned.
VI. Works Used
(see “Commentaries” page)
Collins, John J. “Introduction to the Hebrew Bible,” (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2004).
Photo taken from http://www.thecarltonrestaurant.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/Wine-Toast.jpg