Yahweh lambastes Israel for sinning and vows to destroy its cities.
God rejects Israel’s sacrifices: “When they present sacrifices to me, it is but flesh for them to eat: The Lord has not accepted them!” (v. 13a)
III. Important Verses
2-3: Israel cries out to Me, “O my God, we are devoted to You.” Israel rejects what is good; An enemy shall pursue him.
4-6: They have made kings, But not with My sanction; They have made officers, But not of My choice. Of their silver and gold They have made themselves images, To their own undoing. He rejects your calf, Samaria! I am furious with them! Will they never be capable of purity? For it was Israel’s doing; It was only made by a joiner, It is not a god. No, the calf of Samaria shall be Reduced to splinters!
8-10: Israel is bewildered; They have now become among the nations Like an unwanted vessel, [Like] a lonely wild ass. For they have gone up to Assyria, Ephraim has courted friendship. And while they are courting among the nations, There I will hold them fast; And they shall begin to diminish in number From the burden of king [and] officers.
11-13: For Ephraim has multiplied altars — for guilt; His altars have redounded to his guilt: The many teachings I wrote for him Have been treated as something alien. When they present sacrifices to Me, It is but flesh for them to eat: The LORD has not accepted them. Behold, He remembers their iniquity, He will punish their sins: Back to Egypt with them!
1. Israel’s iniquity
2-3. Israel’s hypocrisy
4-6. Israel’s unsanctioned kings, officers, and gods
7. Drought in Israel
8-10. Israel’s miserable state: asking other nations for help
11-13. Ephraim’s sacrifices are not wanted
14. God will destroy Israel’s cities
No comment today. Stay tuned.
VI. Works Used
(see “Commentaries” page)
Collins, John J. “Introduction to the Hebrew Bible,” (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2004).
Photo taken from http://www.bbcgoodfood.com/recipes/1903/images/1903_MEDIUM.jpg