2 Chronicles 23 – “Jehoiada and Joash”

Hebrew-English Text
I. Summary
Jehoiada organizes the temple workers, Joash is anointed king, Athaliah is put to death, and the people rejoice.

II. Photo
Athaliah is shocked: “Athaliah rent her garments and cried out, ‘Treason, treason!’”

III. Select Verses    
3: and the entire assembly made a covenant with the king in the House of God. He said to them, “The son of the king shall be king according to the promise the LORD made concerning the sons of David.
9-11: Jehoiada the priest gave the chiefs of the hundreds King David’s spears and shields and quivers that were kept in the House of God. He stationed the entire force, each man with his weapons at the ready, from the south end of the House to the north end of the House, at the altar and the House, to guard the king on every side. Then they brought out the king’s son, and placed upon him the crown and the insignia. They proclaimed him king, and Jehoiada and his sons anointed him and shouted, “Long live the king!”
12-13: When Athaliah heard the shouting of the people and the guards and the acclamation of the king, she came out to the people, to the House of the LORD. She looked about and saw the king standing by his pillar at the entrance, the chiefs with their trumpets beside the king, and all the people of the land rejoicing and blowing trumpets, and the singers with musical instruments leading the hymns. Athaliah rent her garments and cried out, “Treason, treason!”
14-15: Then the priest Jehoiada ordered out the army officers, the chiefs of hundreds, and said to them, “Take her out between the ranks, and if anyone follows her, put him to the sword.” For the priest thought, “Let her not be put to death in the House of the LORD.” They cleared a passage for her and she came to the entrance of the Horse Gate to the royal palace; there she was put to death.
16-17: Then Jehoiada solemnized a covenant between himself and the people and the king that they should be the people of the LORD.  All the people then went to the temple of Baal; they tore it down and smashed its altars and images to bits, and they slew Mattan, the priest of Baal, in front of the altars.
20: He took the chiefs of hundreds, the nobles, and the rulers of the people and all the people of the land, and they escorted the king down from the House of the LORD into the royal palace by the upper gate, and seated the king on the royal throne.

IV. Outline
1-7. Jehoiada conspires with the king, Levites, and priests
8-11. The Levites and the priests publicly anoint the king
12-13. Athaliah’s response
14-15. Athaliah is killed
16. Covenant renewal
17. Destroying the temple of Baal
18-19. Jehoiada organizes the temple
20. The king is brought to his palace
21a. Joy in the land
21b. Summary: Athaliah was killed

V. Comment
No comment today. Stay tuned.

VI. Works Used
(see “Commentaries” page)
Photo copied from http://plettahar.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/screaming_woman.jpg