Yahweh’s prophets have been ignored. Babylon will be destroyed 70 years after Judah. Jeremiah gives the nations a drink from the cup of wrath, signifying their doom.
Jeremiah gives drink to the nations: “So I took the cup from the hand of the Lord and gave drink to all the nations to whom the Lord had sent me.” (v. 17)
III. Select Verses
3: From the thirteenth year of King Josiah son of Amon of Judah, to this day — these twenty-three years — the word of the LORD has come to me. I have spoken to you persistently, but you would not listen.
11b-14: And those nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years. When the seventy years are over, I will punish the king of Babylon and that nation and the land of the Chaldeans for their sins — declares the LORD — and I will make it a desolation for all time. And I will bring upon that land all that I have decreed against it, all that is recorded in this book — that which Jeremiah prophesied against all the nations. For they too shall be enslaved by many nations and great kings; and I will requite them according to their acts and according to their conduct.
17-20: So I took the cup from the hand of the LORD and gave drink to all the nations to whom the LORD had sent me: Jerusalem and the towns of Judah, and its kings and officials, to make them a desolate ruin, an object of hissing and a curse — as is now the case; Pharaoh king of Egypt, his courtiers, his officials, and all his people; all the mixed peoples; all the kings of the land of Uz; all the kings of the land of the Philistines — Ashkelon, Gaza, Ekron, and what is left of Ashdod…
33: In that day, the earth shall be strewn with the slain of the LORD from one end to the other. They shall not be mourned, or gathered and buried; they shall become dung upon the face of the earth.
1-2. Prophecy and date (4th year of Jehoiakim, 1st of Nebuchadnezzar) 3. For 23 years Jeremiah’s prophecies have been ignored 4-7. Other prophets, who condemned idols, have been ignored 8-10. Yahweh will send Nebuchadnezzar to devastate the land 11-12. After 70 years Babylon will be destroyed 13-14. Babylon will receive the punishments reserved for Israel 15-29. Symbolic act: the cup of wrath 15-16. Yahweh shows Jeremiah a cup of wrath to give to the nations 17. Symbolic act 18. Judah 19. Egypt 20a. The land of Uz 20b. The Phillistines 21. Transjordan: Edom, Moab, Ammon 22-23. The Arabian tribes 24. Elam and Persia 25-26. Other kings; Sheshach (Babylon?) 27-29. The message Jeremiah must recite 30-31. Proclomation: thunderous Yahweh has a case against the nations 32-33. All men will die 34-38. Shepherd analogy: Yahweh will ravage the shepherds and their flocks
No comment today. Stay tuned.
VI. Works Used
(see “Commentaries” page)