Jeremiah 42: Johanan’s Group is Told to Remain in Judah

Planting trees sapling seedsHebrew-English Text

I. Summary

Johanan and his group ask Jeremiah where Yahweh wants them to go. Yahweh tells them to remain in Judah and warns that they will die if they sojourn to Egypt.

II. Photo

Yahweh regrets destroying Judah: “If you remain in this land, I will build you and not overthrow, I will plant you and not uproot; for I regret the punishment I have brought upon you.” (v. 10)

III. Select Verses

1-3: Then all the army officers, with Johanan son of Kareah, Jezaniah son of Hoshaiah, and all the rest of the people, great and small, approached the prophet Jeremiah and said, “Grant our plea, and pray for us to the LORD your God, for all this remnant! For we remain but a few out of many, as you can see. Let the LORD your God tell us where we should go and what we should do.”

10-12: If you remain in this land, I will build you and not overthrow, I will plant you and not uproot; for I regret the punishment I have brought upon you.  Do not be afraid of the king of Babylon, whom you fear; do not be afraid of him — declares the LORD — for I am with you to save you and to rescue you from his hands.  I will dispose him to be merciful to you: he shall show you mercy and bring you back to your own land.

17: All the men who turn their faces toward Egypt, in order to sojourn there, shall die by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence. They shall have no surviving remnant of the disaster that I will bring upon them.

19-20:  The LORD has spoken against you, O remnant of Judah! Do not go to Egypt! Know well, then — for I warn you this day that you were deceitful at heart when you sent me to the LORD your God, saying, ‘Pray for us to the LORD our God; and whatever the LORD our God may say, just tell us and we will do it.’

IV. Outline

1-3. Johanan’s group ask Jeremiah where to go

4. Jeremiah agrees to answer them

5-6. The group guarantees to listen

7-22. Oracle

    7-9. Jeremiah’s introduction to the answer, which comes 10 days later

    10-12. Remain and do not fear the king of Babylon, who will be merciful

    13-17. Those who flee to Egypt will die by the sword, by famine, or by plague

    18-22. Further condemnation, warning, and commands not to flee to Egypt

V. Comment

No comment today. Stay tuned.

VI. Works Used

(see “Commentaries” page)

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Jeremiah 41: The Assassination of Gedaliah

cistern reservoir plughole drain Hebrew-English Text

I. Summary

Ishmael son of Nethaniah, a man of royal descent, assassinates Gedaliah and takes his allies prisoner. Johanan frees Ishmael’s prisoners and sets off for Egypt. Ishmael escapes to Ammon.

II. Photo

Ishmael is confronted at the great pool: “They took all their men and went to fight against Ishmael son of Nethaniah; and they encountered him by the great pool in Gibeon.” (v. 12)

III. Select Verses

1-3: In the seventh month, Ishmael son of Nethaniah son of Elishama, who was of royal descent and one of the king’s commanders, came with ten men to Gedaliah son of Ahikam at Mizpah; and they ate together there at Mizpah. Then Ishmael son of Nethaniah and the ten men who were with him arose and struck down Gedaliah son of Ahikam son of Shaphan with the sword and killed him, because the king of Babylon had put him in charge of the land. Ishmael also killed all the Judeans who were with him — with Gedaliah in Mizpah — and the Chaldean soldiers who were stationed there.

9: The cistern into which Ishmael threw all the corpses of the men he had killed in the affair of Gedaliah was the one that King Asa had constructed on account of King Baasha of Israel. That was the one which Ishmael son of Nethaniah filled with corpses.

10: Ishmael carried off all the rest of the people who were in Mizpah, including the daughters of the king — all the people left in Mizpah, over whom Nebuzaradan, the chief of the guards, had appointed Gedaliah son of Ahikam. Ishmael son of Nethaniah carried them off, and set out to cross over to the Ammonites.

13-15: When all the people held by Ishmael saw Johanan son of Kareah and all the army officers with him, they were glad; all the people whom Ishmael had carried off from Mizpah turned back and went over to Johanan son of Kareah. But Ishmael son of Nethaniah escaped from Johanan with eight men, and went to the Ammonites.

17-18: They set out, and they stopped at Geruth Chimham, near Bethlehem, on their way to go to Egypt because of the Chaldeans. For they were afraid of them, because Ishmael son of Nethaniah had killed Gedaliah son of Ahikam, whom the king of Babylon had put in charge of the land.

IV. Outline

1-3. Ishmael son of Nethaniah, a man of royal descent, and his men kill Gedaliah, his comrades, and the Babylonian guards

4-9. Ishmael and his men kill 70 of 80 of Gedaliah’s visitors

10. Ishmael sets off to Ammon with prisoners that include the king’s daughters

11-14. Johanan rescuses Ishmael’s prisoners at the great pool of Gibeon

15. Ishmael escapes with 8 men to the Ammonites

16-18. Johanan and his party set out for Egypt, wary of the Babylonians whose comrades were just murdered

V. Comment

No comment today. Stay tuned.

VI. Works Used

(see “Commentaries” page)

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Jeremiah 40: Gedaliah Ignores Life-Saving Information

Hebrew-English Text

I. Summary

Refugees remain in Judah and Gedaliah urges them to serve Babylon. Gedaliah ignores life-saving information about an assassination attempt on his person.

II. Photo

Gedaliah ignores life-saving information: “[The men] said to him, ‘Do you know that King Baalis of Ammon has sent Ishmael son of Nethaniah to kill you?’ But Gedaliah son of Ahikam would not believe them. ”

III. Select Verses

2-3: The chief of the guards took charge of Jeremiah, and he said to him, “The LORD your God threatened this place with this disaster; and now the LORD has brought it about. He has acted as He threatened, because you sinned against the LORD and did not obey Him. That is why this has happened to you.

9-10: Gedaliah son of Ahikam son of Shaphan reassured them and their men, saying, “Do not be afraid to serve the Chaldeans. Stay in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and it will go well with you.  I am going to stay in Mizpah to attend upon the Chaldeans who will come to us. But you may gather wine and figs and oil and put them in your own vessels, and settle in the towns you have occupied.”

11-12: Likewise, all the Judeans who were in Moab, Ammon, and Edom, or who were in other lands, heard that the king of Babylon had let a remnant stay in Judah, and that he had put Gedaliah son of Ahikam son of Shaphan in charge of them. All these Judeans returned from all the places to which they had scattered. They came to the land of Judah, to Gedaliah at Mizpah, and they gathered large quantities of wine and figs.

13-16: Johanan son of Kareah, and all the officers of the troops in the open country, came to Gedaliah at Mizpah and said to him, “Do you know that King Baalis of Ammon has sent Ishmael son of Nethaniah to kill you?” But Gedaliah son of Ahikam would not believe them.  Johanan son of Kareah also said secretly to Gedaliah at Mizpah, “Let me go and strike down Ishmael son of Nethaniah before anyone knows about it; otherwise he will kill you, and all the Judeans who have gathered about you will be dispersed, and the remnant of Judah will perish!” But Gedaliah son of Ahikam answered Johanan son of Kareah, “Do not do such a thing: what you are saying about Ishmael is not true!”

IV. Outline

1. Introduction: Jeremiah is freed at Ramah

2-5. Sin and punishment; Jeremiah is given the choice of staying or going to Babylon

6. Jeremiah stays with Gedaliah at Mizpah

7-12. Some people return to Judah; Gedaliah urges subservience to Babylon

13-16. Johanan informs Gedaliah that Ishmael intends to kill him; Gedaliah denies the information

 

V. Comment

No comment today. Stay tuned.

VI. Works Used

(see “Commentaries” page)

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Jeremiah 39 – “Jerusalem’s Destruction and Exile; Zedekiah’s Downfall; Jeremiah is Saved”

blindfolded-man-prisonerHebrew-English Text

I. Summary

King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon captures Jerusalem and exiles its wealthy citizens. King Zedekiah’s children and officers are killed before his own eyes, which are then gouged out. Jeremiah is spared by Nebuchadnezzar.

II. Photo

Jeremiah’s eyes are gouged out: “Then the eyes of Zedekiah were put out and he was chained in bronze fetters, that he might be brought to Babylon.” (v. 7)

III. Select Verses

1-2: In the ninth year of King Zedekiah of Judah, in the tenth month, King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon moved against Jerusalem with his whole army, and they laid siege to it. And in the eleventh year of Zedekiah, on the ninth day of the fourth month, the [walls of] the city were breached.

4-7: When King Zedekiah of Judah saw them, he and all the soldiers fled. They left the city at night, by way of the king’s garden, through the gate between the double walls; and he set out toward the Arabah. But the Chaldean troops pursued them, and they overtook Zedekiah in the steppes of Jericho. They captured him and brought him before King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon at Riblah in the region of Hamath; and he put him on trial. The king of Babylon had Zedekiah’s children slaughtered at Riblah before his eyes; the king of Babylon had all the nobles of Judah slaughtered. Then the eyes of Zedekiah were put out and he was chained in bronze fetters, that he might be brought to Babylon.

8-10:  The Chaldeans burned down the king’s palace and the houses of the people by fire, and they tore down the walls of Jerusalem. The remnant of the people that was left in the city, and the defectors who had gone over to him — the remnant of the people that was left — were exiled by Nebuzaradan, the chief of the guards, to Babylon. But some of the poorest people who owned nothing were left in the land of Judah by Nebuzaradan, the chief of the guards, and he gave them vineyards and fields at that time.

11-12: King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon had given orders to Nebuzaradan, the chief of the guards, concerning Jeremiah: “Take him and look after him; do him no harm, but grant whatever he asks of you.”

IV. Outline

1. Babylon laid siege to Jerusalem in Zedekiah’s 9th year

2-3. The walls were breached in Zedekiah’s 11th year

4-5. Zedekiah and his officers were caught fleeing the city

6-7. Zedekiah’s children and officers are killed before his own eyes, which are then gouged out

8. Jerusalem’s walls, palace, and houses are destroyed

9-10. The wealthy were exiled, the poor remained

11-14. Jeremiah is treated well by order of Nebuchadnezzar

15-18. A prophecy while Jeremiah was still in prison: Ebed-melech will be spared death because he trusted in Yahweh

 

V. Comment

No comment today. Stay tuned.

VI. Works Used

(see “Commentaries” page)

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Jeremiah 38 – “Jeremiah’s Secret Message for Zedekiah”

deep pit giant cave spelunker ropeHebrew-English Text
I. Summary
Jeremiah is placed in a pit and subsequently removed from it. Jeremiah secretly informs king Zedekiah that surrendering to the Babylonians will save Jerusalem but resisting will destroy it.

II. Photo
Jeremiah is captured: “[The officials] took Jeremiah and put him down in the pit of Malchiah, the king’s son, which was in the prison compound; they let Jeremiah down by ropes.” (v. 6)

III. Select Verses
4-6: Then the officials said to the king, “Let that man be put to death, for he disheartens the soldiers, and all the people who are left in this city, by speaking such things to them. That man is not seeking the welfare of this people, but their harm!” King Zedekiah replied, “He is in your hands; the king cannot oppose you in anything!” So they took Jeremiah and put him down in the pit of Malchiah, the king’s son, which was in the prison compound; they let Jeremiah down by ropes. There was no water in the pit, only mud, and Jeremiah sank into the mud.
12-13: And Ebed-melech the Ethiopian called to Jeremiah, “Put the worn cloths and rags under your armpits, inside the ropes.” Jeremiah did so, and they pulled Jeremiah up by the ropes and got him out of the pit. And Jeremiah remained in the prison compound.
17-18: Then Jeremiah said to Zedekiah, “Thus said the LORD, the God of Hosts, the God of Israel: If you surrender to the officers of the king of Babylon, your life will be spared and this city will not be burned down. You and your household will live. But if you do not surrender to the officers of the king of Babylon, this city will be delivered into the hands of the Chaldeans, who will burn it down; and you will not escape from them.”
24-27: Zedekiah said to Jeremiah, “Don’t let anyone know about this conversation, or you will die. If the officials should hear that I have spoken with you, and they should come and say to you, ‘Tell us what you said to the king; hide nothing from us, or we’ll kill you. And what did the king say to you?’ say to them, ‘I was presenting my petition to the king not to send me back to the house of Jonathan to die there.’” All the officials did come to Jeremiah to question him; and he replied to them just as the king had instructed him. So they stopped questioning him, for the conversation had not been overheard.

IV. Outline
1-3. The officials of Jerusalem hear Jeremiah’s prophecy of doom
4-5. The officials persuade the king to kill Jeremiah
6. Jeremiah is placed in a pit of mud
7-9. Ebed-melech asks the king to save Jeremiah
10-13. Jeremiah is lifted from the pit by 30 men but stays in prison
14-16. Zedekiah allows Jeremiah to speak without repercussions
17-23. Jeremiah’s message: surrender will save the city and its people, resistance will lead to death and destruction
24-27. Zedekiah and Jeremiah keep the conversation a secret
28. Jeremiah remained in prison until the day Jerusalem was conquered

V. Comment
No comment today. Stay tuned.

VI. Works Used

(see “Commentaries” page)

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Jeremiah 37 – “Doom for King Zedekiah; Jeremiah in Prison”

prison cell key jail doorHebrew-English Text

I. Summary

Jeremiah informs the new king that he will be captured by the Babylonians. Jeremiah is falsely accused of joining the Babylonians and is placed in prison.

II. Photo

Jeremiah is locked up: “The officials were enraged at Jeremiah, and they beat him and imprisoned him in the house of the secretary Jonathan, for it had been made a prison.” (v. 15)

III. Select Verses

5: Meanwhile, the army of Pharaoh had come out of Egypt; and when the Chaldeans who were besieging Jerusalem heard news of them, they withdrew from Jerusalem.

9-10: Thus says the LORD: Do not deceive yourselves, saying, “The Chaldeans will surely go away from us,” for they will not go away. Even if you defeated the whole army of Chaldeans who are fighting against you, and there remained of them only wounded men in their tents, they would rise up and burn this city with fire.

11-16: Now when the Chaldean army had withdrawn from Jerusalem at the approach of Pharaoh’s army, Jeremiah set out from Jerusalem to go to the land of Benjamin to receive his share of property among the people there. When he reached the Benjamin Gate, a sentinel there named Irijah son of Shelemiah son of Hananiah arrested the prophet Jeremiah saying, “You are deserting to the Chaldeans.” And Jeremiah said, “That is a lie; I am not deserting to the Chaldeans.” But Irijah would not listen to him, and arrested Jeremiah and brought him to the officials. The officials were enraged at Jeremiah, and they beat him and imprisoned him in the house of the secretary Jonathan, for it had been made a prison.  Thus Jeremiah was put in the cistern house, in the cells, and remained there many days.

20-21: Now please hear me, my lord king: be good enough to listen to my plea, and do not send me back to the house of the secretary Jonathan to die there.”So King Zedekiah gave orders, and they committed Jeremiah to the court of the guard; and a loaf of bread was given him daily from the bakers’ street, until all the bread of the city was gone. So Jeremiah remained in the court of the guard.

IV. Outline

1. Introduction: Zedekiah son of Josiah succeeded Coniah son of Jehoiakim as king

2. The king and the people ignored Jeremiah

3-4. Zedekiah asks Jeremiah to pray for him as he moves about Jerusalem

5. The Babylonians retreat from Jerusalem as the Egyptians approach

6-10. Prophecy for Jeremiah

    6. Introduction

    7-8. Message for Zedekiah: Egypt will leave and Babylon will capture the city

    9-10. The Babylonians will capture the city no matter what

11-16. Jeremiah is imprisoned on the false charges of joining the Babylonians

17. Jeremiah informs Zedekiah that he will be captured

18-20. Jeremiah pleads for his freedom

21. Jeremiah is sent to the court of the guard (which is presumably better than prison)

V. Comment

No comment today. Stay tuned.

VI. Works Used

(see “Commentaries” page)

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Jeremiah 36 – “Jeremiah’s Scroll is Burned”

burning paper books censorshipHebrew-English Text

I. Summary

Baruch writes the words of Jeremiah on a scroll and reads them to the people in the temple. King Jehoiakim burns the scroll and calls for Jeremiah’s and Baruch’s arrest. Jeremiah and Baruch go into hiding and write a second scroll that condemns Jehoiakim and his offspring to death.

II. Photo

Jehoiakim burns Jeremiah’s scroll: “As Jehudi read three or four columns, the king would cut them off with a penknife and throw them into the fire in the brazier, until the entire scroll was consumed in the fire that was in the brazier.” (v. 23)

III. Select Verses

2-3: Take a scroll and write on it all the words that I have spoken to you against Israel and Judah and all the nations, from the day I spoke to you, from the days of Josiah until today.  It may be that when the house of Judah hears of all the disasters that I intend to do to them, all of them may turn from their evil ways, so that I may forgive their iniquity and their sin.

11-12, 16: When Micaiah son of Gemariah son of Shaphan heard all the words of the LORD from the scroll,  he went down to the king’s house, into the secretary’s chamber; and all the officials were sitting there: Elishama the secretary, Delaiah son of Shemaiah, Elnathan son of Achbor, Gemariah son of Shaphan, Zedekiah son of Hananiah, and all the officials… When they heard all the words, they turned to one another in alarm, and said to Baruch, “We certainly must report all these words to the king.”

22-25: Now the king was sitting in his winter apartment (it was the ninth month), and there was a fire burning in the brazier before him. As Jehudi read three or four columns, the king would cut them off with a penknife and throw them into the fire in the brazier, until the entire scroll was consumed in the fire that was in the brazier. Yet neither the king, nor any of his servants who heard all these words, was alarmed, nor did they tear their garments. Even when Elnathan and Delaiah and Gemariah urged the king not to burn the scroll, he would not listen to them.

26: And the king commanded Jerahmeel the king’s son and Seraiah son of Azriel and Shelemiah son of Abdeel to arrest the secretary Baruch and the prophet Jeremiah. But the LORD hid them.

30-31: Therefore thus says the LORD concerning King Jehoiakim of Judah: He shall have no one to sit upon the throne of David, and his dead body shall be cast out to the heat by day and the frost by night. And I will punish him and his offspring and his servants for their iniquity; I will bring on them, and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and on the people of Judah, all the disasters with which I have threatened them—but they would not listen.

IV. Outline

1. Introduction: prophecy in the fourth year of Jehoiakim

2-3. Jeremiah is to write a scroll of sins to bring about repentance

4-7. Baruch son of Neriah writes the scroll and is to pronounce it in the Temple on a fast day

8. Baruch completes his task

9-10. Baruch reads the scroll in the temple on a fast day

11-13. Micaiah relates the message to the king’s scribes

14. The scribes call for Baruch’s scroll, and he brings it

15. Baruch reads the scroll

16-19. Baruch and Jeremiah are to hide from the king

20-25. The scroll is read to king Jehoiakim, who burns it nonchalantly

26. Jeremiah and Baruch are to be arrested, but Yahweh has hidden them

27-31. Yahweh tells Jeremiah to write a second scroll, this one condemning Jehoiakim and his offspring to death

32. Jermiah dictates the words of the scroll to Baruch

V. Comment

No comment today. Stay tuned.

VI. Works Used

(see “Commentaries” page)

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Jeremiah 35 – “The Lesson of the Rechabites”

wine bottles row glass Hebrew-English Text

I. Summary

Jeremiah tempts the Rechabites with wine but they abstain in accordance with their tradition. Yahweh promises to bring devastation to the people of Judah, who, unlike the Rechabites, do not keep their traditions.

II. Photo

Jeremiah tempts the Rechabites: “I set before the Rechabites pitchers full of wine, and cups; and I said to them, ‘Have some wine.’” (v. 5)

III. Select Verses

5-10:  Then I set before the Rechabites pitchers full of wine, and cups; and I said to them, “Have some wine.” But they answered, “We will drink no wine, for our ancestor Jonadab son of Rechab commanded us, ‘You shall never drink wine, neither you nor your children;  nor shall you ever build a house, or sow seed; nor shall you plant a vineyard, or even own one; but you shall live in tents all your days, that you may live many days in the land where you reside.’ We have obeyed the charge of our ancestor Jonadab son of Rechab in all that he commanded us, to drink no wine all our days, ourselves, our wives, our sons, or our daughters, and not to build houses to live in. We have no vineyard or field or seed; but we have lived in tents, and have obeyed and done all that our ancestor Jonadab commanded us.

11: But when King Nebuchadrezzar of Babylon came up against the land, we said, ‘Come, and let us go to Jerusalem for fear of the army of the Chaldeans and the army of the Arameans.’ That is why we are living in Jerusalem.”

13-15: Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Go and say to the people of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, Can you not learn a lesson and obey my words? says the LORD. The command has been carried out that Jonadab son of Rechab gave to his descendants to drink no wine; and they drink none to this day, for they have obeyed their ancestor’s command. But I myself have spoken to you persistently, and you have not obeyed me.  I have sent to you all my servants the prophets, sending them persistently, saying, ‘Turn now everyone of you from your evil way, and amend your doings, and do not go after other gods to serve them, and then you shall live in the land that I gave to you and your ancestors.’ But you did not incline your ear or obey me.

18-19: But to the house of the Rechabites Jeremiah said: Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Because you have obeyed the command of your ancestor Jonadab, and kept all his precepts, and done all that he commanded you,  therefore thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Jonadab son of Rechab shall not lack a descendant to stand before me for all time.

IV. Outline

1-11. The Rechabites keep their traditions

    1. Introduction: the time of Jehoiakim

    2. Jeremiah is told to offer wine to the Rechabites

    3-5. Jeremiah offers wine to the Rechabites

    6-10. The Rechabites decline, in accordance with their ancestor’s wish

    11. Why the Rechabites are in Jerusalem

12-19. The Rechabites compared to Judah

    12. Introduction

    13-14a. The Rechabites keep their tradition

    14b-16. The people have not kept the tradition of Yahweh

    17. Jerusalem and Judah will be punished

    18-19. The Rechabites will never be wiped out from Jerusalem

 

V. Comment

No comment today. Stay tuned.

VI. Works Used

(see “Commentaries” page)

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Jeremiah 34 – “A Peaceful Death for Zedekiah; The Sin of the Unfreed Slaves”

incense stick smoke Hebrew-English Text

I. Summary

Yahweh tells Jeremiah that king Zedekiah will be exiled to Babylon where he will die in peace. Yahweh promises death and destruction to Judah when the people renege on their commitment to free their Hebrew slaves .

II. Photo

Zedekiah will not be forgotten: “As spices were burned for your ancestors, the earlier kings who preceded you, so they shall burn spices for you and lament for you.” (v. 5)

III. Select Verses

4-5: Yet hear the word of the LORD, O King Zedekiah of Judah! Thus says the LORD concerning you: You shall not die by the sword;  you shall die in peace. And as spices were burned for your ancestors, the earlier kings who preceded you, so they shall burn spices for you and lament for you, saying, “Alas, lord!” For I have spoken the word, says the LORD.

8-11: The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD, after King Zedekiah had made a covenant with all the people in Jerusalem to make a proclamation of liberty to them,  that all should set free their Hebrew slaves, male and female, so that no one should hold another Judean in slavery. And they obeyed, all the officials and all the people who had entered into the covenant that all would set free their slaves, male or female, so that they would not be enslaved again; they obeyed and set them free.  But afterward they turned around and took back the male and female slaves they had set free, and brought them again into subjection as slaves.

13-14: Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel: I myself made a covenant with your ancestors when I brought them out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery, saying, “Every seventh year each of you must set free any Hebrews who have been sold to you and have served you six years; you must set them free from your service.” But your ancestors did not listen to me or incline their ears to me.

18-20: And those who transgressed my covenant and did not keep the terms of the covenant that they made before me, I will make like the calf when they cut it in two and passed between its parts:  the officials of Judah, the officials of Jerusalem, the eunuchs, the priests, and all the people of the land who passed between the parts of the calf shall be handed over to their enemies and to those who seek their lives. Their corpses shall become food for the birds of the air and the wild animals of the earth.

IV. Outline

1-5. Oracle about Zedekiah’s capture and death

    1. General introduction: prophecy while Babylon attacks Jerusalem

    2a. Introduction: a message for Zedekiah

    2b-3. Jerusalem will be sacked and Zedekiah will be brought to Babylon

    4-5. Zedekiah will die in peace and be lamented

6-22. Oracle about the sin of the unfreed slaves

    6-7. General introduction: prophecy during the battles for Jerusalem, Lachish, and Azekah

    8-11. General introduction: Zedekiah and the people agreed to free their Hebrew slaves but then reneged

    12. Introduction    

    13-14a. Yahweh’s command about the law of the seventh year 

    14b. The ancestors did not follow the law

    15-16. Although the people repented, they returned to sin

    17. The people who sinned will die of sword, pestilence and famine

    18-20. The people will be like the calf cut in two, corpses left for the scavengers

    21. Zedekiah and his officials will be exiled

    22. The land of Judah will become a desolation

V. Comment

No comment today. Stay tuned.

VI. Works Used

(see “Commentaries” page)

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Jeremiah 33 – “Restoration for Jerusalem and the House of David”

solar eclipse night dayHebrew-English Text

I. Summary

Yahweh tells Jeremiah that Jerusalem will be rebuilt and that David’s descendants will once again be kings of all Israel.

II. Photo

Yahweh’s covenant with David is everlasting: “If you could break my covenant with the day and my covenant with the night, so that day and night should not come at their proper time, only then could my covenant with my servant David be broken.” (v. 20-21)

III. Select Verses

2-3: Thus said the LORD who is planning it, The LORD who is shaping it to bring it about, Whose name is LORD: Call to Me, and I will answer you, And I will tell you wondrous things, Secrets you have not known.

8: And I will purge them of all the sins which they committed against Me, and I will pardon all the sins which they committed against Me, by which they rebelled against Me.

16: In those days Judah shall be delivered and Israel shall dwell secure. And this is what she shall be called: “The LORD is our Vindicator.”

20-22: Thus said the LORD: If you could break My covenant with the day and My covenant with the night, so that day and night should not come at their proper time, only then could My covenant with My servant David be broken — so that he would not have a descendant reigning upon his throne — or with My ministrants, the levitical priests. Like the host of heaven which cannot be counted, and the sand of the sea which cannot be measured, so will I multiply the offspring of My servant David, and of the Levites who minister to Me.

IV. Outline

1-3. General introduction

    1. Jeremiah in prison

    2. Appellation: Yahweh the one who brings things about

    3. Yahweh will respond to a request

4-11. Oracles about Jerusalem and the monarchy

    4-5. Introduction about Jerusalem, which is full of dead fighters 

    6-7. Jerusalem will be rebuilt

    8. Sins will be forgiven

    9. The nations will be in awe of Jerusalem

    10-11. Future joy in Jerusalem

    12-13. Grazing land will be restored

    14-17. The house of David will be restored upon all Israel

    18. The line of Levitic Priests will never end

19-22. Oracle about David’s progeny

    19. Introduction

    20-21. The covenant of David cannot be broken, as day cannot become night

    22. David and the Levites will be as the sand and the stars

23-28. Oracle about David’s line

    23. Introduction

    24. People look down on Yahweh’s nation

    25-26. David will be restored for all time

V. Comment

No comment today. Stay tuned.

VI. Works Used

(see “Commentaries” page)

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