Hosea condemns Israel and Judah for sinning.
God describes his relationship with his people: “For it is I who am like rot to Ephraim, like decay to the House of Judah.” (v. 12)
III. Important Verses
8-9a: Sound a ram’s horn in Gibeah, A trumpet in Ramah; Give the alarm in Beth-aven; After you, Benjamin! Ephraim is stricken with horror On a day of chastisement.
9b-12: Against the tribes of Israel I proclaim certainties: The officers of Judah have acted Like shifters of field boundaries; On them I will pour out My wrath like water. Ephraim is defrauded, Robbed of redress, Because he has witlessly Gone after futility. For it is I who am like rot to Ephraim, Like decay to the House of Judah;
13-14: Yet when Ephraim became aware of his sickness, Judah of his sores, Ephraim repaired to Assyria — He sent envoys to a patron king! He will never be able to cure you, Will not heal you of your sores. No, I will be like a lion to Ephraim, Like a great beast to the House of Judah; I, I will attack and stride away, Carrying the prey that no one can rescue;
15: And I will return to My abode — Till they realize their guilt. In their distress, they will seek Me And beg for My favor.
1. Introduction: Israel’s leaders have led it astray
2. Hosea’s role as reprover
3-4. The sins of Ephraim (=Israel)
5-7. Ephraim’s punishment
8-12. Proclamations against Ephraim and Judah
13-15. God’s wrath towards Judah and Ephraim for turning to Assyria
No comment today. Stay tuned.
VI. Works Used
(see “Commentaries” page)
Collins, John J. “Introduction to the Hebrew Bible,” (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2004).
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