Jeremiah 4 – “Babylon Approaches”

horses gallopingHebrew-English Text

I. Summary

Jeremiah warns the people about Babylon’s future invasion and urges them to return to Yahweh.

II. Photo

Babylon approaches: “Lo, he ascends like clouds, his chariots are like a whirlwind, his horses are swifter than eagles.” (v. 13)

III. Select Verses

4: Open your hearts to the LORD, Remove the thickening about your hearts — O men of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem — Lest My wrath break forth like fire, And burn, with none to quench it, Because of your wicked acts.

6-7: Set up a signpost: To Zion. Take refuge, do not delay! For I bring evil from the north, And great disaster.  7 The lion has come up from his thicket: The destroyer of nations has set out, Has departed from his place, To make your land a desolation; Your cities shall be ruined, Without inhabitants.

9: The mind of the king And the mind of the nobles shall fail, The priests shall be appalled, And the prophets shall stand aghast.

14: Wash your heart clean of wickedness, O Jerusalem, that you may be rescued. How long will you harbor within you Your evil designs?

22: For My people are stupid, They give Me no heed; They are foolish children, They are not intelligent. They are clever at doing wrong, But unable to do right.

IV. Outline

1-2. Oracle for Israel

    1-2. Returning to Yahweh will bring blessing

3-. Message to Judah

    3a. Introduction

    3b-9. Oracle: Babylon approaches

        3b-4a. Metaphor: make your lives easy and return

        4b. If you do not return Yahweh’s wrath will burn

        5-8. Announcement of Babylon’s coming

        9. The leaders will be shocked

    10. Jeremiah accuses Yahweh of deception

    11-17. Judah is guilty and brings the enemy upon itself

    18-21. War pains Jeremiah

    22. Judah acts like a foolish child

    23-29. The land will be destroyed

    30. Wealth and fashion are meaningless

    31. Jeremiah hears the future pain


V. Comment

No comment today. Stay tuned.

VI. Works Used

(see “Commentaries” page)

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