God promises to punish the sinners, raise Israel’s status, and return the exiles to Jerusalem.
God proclaims his dominion: “Thus said the Lord: The heaven is my throne and the earth is my footstool: Where could you build a house for me, what place could serve as my abode?” (v. 1)
III. Important Verses
1-2: Thus said the LORD: The heaven is My throne And the earth is My footstool: Where could you build a house for Me, What place could serve as My abode? All this was made by My hand, And thus it all came into being — declares the LORD. Yet to such a one I look: To the poor and brokenhearted, Who is concerned about My word.
3-4: As for those who slaughter oxen and slay humans, Who sacrifice sheep and immolate dogs, Who present as oblation the blood of swine, Who offer incense and worship false gods — Just as they have chosen their ways And take pleasure in their abominations, So will I choose to mock them, To bring on them the very thing they dread. For I called and none responded, I spoke and none paid heed. They did what I deem evil And chose what I do not want.
9-11: Shall I who bring on labor not bring about birth? — says the LORD. ¶ Shall I who cause birth shut the womb? — said your God. Rejoice with Jerusalem and be glad for her, All you who love her! Join in her jubilation, All you who mourned over her — That you may suck from her breast Consolation to the full, That you may draw from her bosom Glory to your delight.
13: As a mother comforts her son So I will comfort you; You shall find comfort in Jerusalem.
23-24: And new moon after new moon, And sabbath after sabbath, All flesh shall come to worship Me — said the LORD. They shall go out and gaze On the corpses of the men who rebelled against Me: Their worms shall not die, Nor their fire be quenched; They shall be a horror To all flesh. And new moon after new moon, And sabbath after sabbath, All flesh shall come to worship Me — said the LORD.
1-2a. God’s dominion over the earth
2b. God cares for the downtrodden
3-4. God will punish the sinners
5. Encouragement against internal enemies
6-11. God will bring about a quick salvation
12. Israel’s standing over other nations
13. God’s comfort for Jerusalem
14-16. God will attack his enemies
17. Doom for the illicit worshipers
18-21. God will rule over the nations and return the exiles
22-24. God’s followers will worship him while his detractors will rot
No comment today. Stay tuned.
VI. Works Used
(see “Commentaries” page)
Collins, John J. “Introduction to the Hebrew Bible,” (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2004).
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